Guangdong Provincial capital : Guangzhou City
Population: 100 millions
Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast. Traditionally romanised as Canton or Kwangtung, Guangdong surpassed Henan and Sichuan to become the most populous province in China in January 2005, registering 79.1 million permanent residents and 31 million migrants who lived in the province for at least six months of the year; the total population was 104,303,132 in the 2010 census, accounting for 7.79 percent of Mainland China's population.
The provincial capital Guangzhou and economic hub Shenzhen are among the most populous and important cities in China. The population increase since the census has been modest, the province at 2015 had 108,500,000 people.
Climate: Guangdong features tropical and sub-tropical climates. The average July temperature is little different from temperature on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the Yellow River, but the average January temperature is considerably higher, ranging from 13°C to 16°C. The whole province almost lies within the area where two crops of rice can be grown a year.
Tourism resources: Guangdong has many picturesque tourist places of attractions. If you want to appreciate the beautiful natural landscapes, climb Guangdong's four famous mountains: Danxia Mountain in the north, Xijiao Mountain at the South China Sea, Luofu Mountain in Boluo and the Dinghu Mountain in Zhaoqing. The highest mountain is the Shikengkong peak with a height of 1902 m above sea level.
There are also many rivers in this province including Zhujiang River (Pearl River), which is composed of the Xijiang River, the Beijiang River, the Dongjiang River, the Hanjiang River, the Rongjiang River and the Moyangjiang River.
Guangdong was also a center of revolutionary activities in Chinese history. Kuomintang was formed in 1912 under the leadership of Sun Yat-sen, and Chiang Kai-shek began his drive for the unification of the country in 1920s. Visit Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Yuexiu Park, Baiyun Shan (White Cloud Mountain) and the Pearl River water front if you want to trace the history of Chinese revolution.
Guangdong plays a key role in China's international trade and tourism. Cantonese people (people from Guangdong, Hong Kong or Macau) make up almost half of the total Chinese population overseas; So it is likely you would hear the distinctive Cantonese dialect and eat Cantonese food when you go to a Chinese restaurant outside China.
Guangdong was the first province to implement China's reform and opening policies and this marked the beginning of its development to becoming the country's most affluent province. As a result, the province boasts the most advanced and complex transportation network in China.
By air: In most cases, passengers land at Guangzhou's Baiyun International Airport. The airport is situated 12km south of the center of town at the foot of the Baiyun Mountain. Regular domestic flights to other major cities, as well as international ones are available. The second largest airport in Guangdong province is the Shenzhen International Airport, which operates frequent flights to other domestic and a few international destinations. There are also airports in Zhuhai and several other middle-sized cities like Shantou, Foshan, Zhanjiang and Meizhou.
By Train: Beijing-Guangzhou and Beijing-Kowloon are the two major railway lines that cross Guangdong province. It only takes about 24 hours from Guangzhou to Beijing on the fast train. Guangzhou-Shenzhen operates the fastest trains in China and since June 1999, there are two trains per day running between Guangzhou and Kowloon (Hong Kong).
By Bus: Boasting the longest highway mileage in China, Guangdong province is well connected by road with adjacent Fujian, Jiangxi, Hunan and Yunnan. Major cities are easily accessible by frequent and convenient bus services and express buses to Hong Kong and Macau are also available in cities in the Pearl River Delta area.
By Boat:Water transportation predominated in Guangdong before the 1950s. Water routes still play an important role in the province's transportation system. Cities along the Pearl River can be reached by passenger liners. There are also regular boats heading to Haikou (Hainan Island), Hong Kong and Macau from coastal cities like Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Zhuhai.