Fujian Province Facts

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Anhui Provincial capital : Fuzhou City

Population: 33 millions

Fujian Province
Location of Fujian Province

Geological location: Situated on the southeast China coast, Fujian Province is separated by a 180-km strait from Taiwan, the largest island in China.With a 3,324-km coastline, it has many ports, the biggest being Fuzhou and Xiamen which are open to foreign trade and investment. The provincial capital is Fuzhou, a busy port, and 149 nautical miles to the east is Keelung, a major port on the northern tip of Taiwan Island. The province covers 121,400 sq km and has a population of 31.50 million, composed of people of the Han, and the She, Hui and Gaoshan ethinic groups.

Climate: Fujian has a sub-tropical climate, warm and humid. There is distinct difference in climate between north and south, coastal and inland regions, and valleys and mountains. It has an annual temperature of 17 ℃ and an annual precipitation of 1,100-2,000 mm, both increasing from northwest to southeast. Typhoons occur frequently from July to September.

Fujian Province
Map of Fujian Province

Tourism resources: Fujian is rich in tourism resources, abounding with numerous places of historical and cultural interest, and beautiful scenic spots.

Fujian preserves many cultural sites from the Qin (221-207 BC), Han (206 BC-AD 220), Tang (618-907), Song (960-1279), Yuan (1271-1368) and Ming (1368-1644) dynasties. There are numerous ancient temples, pagodas, bridges and castles, as well as former residences of celebrities. Fujian has a wide variety of navigation relics and religious legacies thanks to its long history of navigation and frequent contacts with the outside world.

There are many beautiful mountains in the province. The famous seaside resorts include Wuyi Mountain, Gushan (Drum Hill) in Fuzhou, Tailao Mountain in east Fujian and Wanshiyan in Xiamen. The province also has many beautiful beaches, such as the bathing beach on Gulangyu Islet of Xiamen, the Luanwan Beach on Dongshan Island, the Longwangtou Beach at Pingtan and Meizhou Island at Putian. Its numerous rivers offer many picturesque water spots, including the Jiuqu (Nine-Bend) Stream in Wuyi Mountain and Jinhu Lake, the largest artificial lake in Fujian. Northwest Fujian is noted for danxia and karst landforms, with countless grotesque rocks and fantastic caves. The Wuyi and Meihua mountain nature reserves preserve vast expanses of virgin forests, with rich fauna and flora resources. These reserves and other scenic resorts are ideal places for enjoying the charms of nature, making holidays and conducting scientific explorations. In addition, Fujian has a host of gardens, parks and hot springs of different types.

Transportation
The province of Fujian, in southeastern China, is a mountainous region dominated by wild rivers and dense forests. The history of isolation from the outside world has allowed the territory to form a unique culture. Today, after massive economic development, newly established transportation routes have made this place much easier for travelers. The routes are far from perfect, but in such a topographic transport nightmare the authorities here have done well.

By Air: This is still the best means of getting to the province. Major cities of Fujian like the capital city Fuzhou, the harbour pearl Xiamen and the legendary Wuyishan all have air connection with other cities and regions throughout China. There are some international flights available.

By Train: Ever since the building of the Yingxia Railway (Xiamen--Yingtan) in 1956, Fujian has established itself as fairly competitive, if a little circuitous, in its rail links. Today, there are direct trains linking Fuzhou and Xiamen with important cities such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou.

By Bus: Although the highway system has improved a lot, it is still a bit inconvenient to get into Fujian by bus because the roads linking the province involve a lot of winding in the mountainous areas. However, the transportation within the province is a whole lot better, especially in the eastern coastal areas. Expressways are available between Fuzhou and Xiamen and other high level highways link other cities of the province.

By Boat: Historically, Fujian was the starting point of the 'Silk Road on the Sea' and Fujian people have long been communicating with other parts of the world. Today, under the severe competition from other means of transportation, it is still possible to travel to Fujian by boat. Cities like Fuzhou and Xiamen both have regular boats linking domestic and international destinations, the infrequent boat from Shanghai, via Xiamen, to Hong Kong is one of the nicest in the China business.

Useful Links:
Fujian Province Goverment Official Website: http://www.fujian.gov.cn/english/

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