Huangshan UNESCO Global Geopark is situated in East China's Anhui Province. It is a geopark characterized by Mesozoic granite landscape. The elevation in the UNESCO Global Geopark ranges from 500-1,864m. Geomorphologically, the Huangshan area belongs to the Southeast Hilly Area in China.
Huangshan, known as 'the loveliest mountain of China', was acclaimed through art and literature during a good part of Chinese history (e.g. the Shanshui 'mountain and water' style of the mid-16th century). Today it holds the same fascination for visitors, poets, painters and photographers who come on pilgrimage to the site, which is renowned for its magnificent scenery made up of many granite peaks and rocks emerging out of a sea of clouds.
Huangshan Mountain is famous for its steep peaks of Mesozoic granite rising 1,000 meters high. Granites of the Yanshanian period are widely distributed along the west coast of the Pacific, but those with beautiful morphologic scenery like Huangshan Mountain are very rare.
Globally, the Huangshan UNESCO Global Geopark is an ideal place to demonstrate the formation mechanism of granite geomorphology. Remarkable granite pillars take on amazing shapes - domes, cones, crests, columns and boxes - in the many valleys that radiate from the mountain.
The geologic history dates to 140 million years ago, to the late Jurassic, when hot magma intruded upward through the Earth's crust and created the material that comprises the mountain. Then, around 65 million years ago, the intrusive bodies created by the magma were uplifted. Weathering and erosion of the overlying rocks resulted in the formation of a patchwork of joints running in different directions.
Huangshan Mountain as we know it achieved its current state 1.75 million years ago. This long history is responsible for the varied mineral composition and crystallization, uneven weathering resistance, and joint patterns that form the beautiful landscape of Huangshan.
Huangshan Mountain is characterized by its "3 Wonders of Nature": spectacular rocks, peculiar pines, and heavy clouds. The area is also notable for its likely history of Quaternary glaciers. A source of controversy amongst geologist, the occurrence of glaciers in Huangshan Mountain has been debated for half a century, but no final conclusion has yet been reached. This adds to the fascination of the Geopark.
There are also glacial, hydrogeologic heritages and wild plant and animal resources. All these make Huangshan a large-scale natural museum of a granitic region with mountain, water, human culture, plants and animals.
Similarly, ancient mountain roads and bridges and old stone carvings also contribute to the fantastic quality of the Geopark. These elements can be found in 'Huangshan school' of painting which has greatly influenced the development of Chinese landscape painting. In this way, geology shapes art and culture.
Huangshan UNESCO Global Geopark has made an education plan. In the tourist center and geology museum, different education activities are held to communicate with the public, such as volunteer week and special exhibitions. Visitors can also get leaflets about the UNESCO Global Geopark there.